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The Traditional Houses of the Majapahit Kingdom

HISTORY OF CULTURE The Traditional Houses of the Majapahit Kingdom |The building of the Majapahit era manifold is also a symbol of his day, but here only be discussed form of the building only; the discussion was limited to residential buildings only. 

To know the ancient building was needed research resources, among others: 
1. Archaeological relics in the form of inscriptions, reliefs, miniature buildings, building foundations, ancient mosques, palaces and other ancient. 

2. Literary works 
Script: Nagarakertagama writing Prapanca mpu, mpu Arjunawijaya and Sutasoma Tantular writings, writings Lubdhaka Tanakung, mpu Kunjarakarna writing Hamlet, Sudamala and Sri Tanjung (penulisya unknown). Manuscripts from the era before the Majapahit, the Ramayana was written by mpu Triguna, Sumanasantaka Monaguna written by mpu, mpu Panuluh Hariwangsa written by and written by mpu Tanakung Wrttasancaya. Foreign news: the letter musafit China (Ma Huan in 1416 published a book Ying-yai Sheng-lan; among other things, contains descriptions of the houses in Tuban and European writers (Maclaine Pont, GP Rouffaer and Rijkloff van Goens). 

All sources of literature has provided a description of the house in the form of Java. Name of the houses were given the term: umah (home of the people), Grha (home magnifying), wesma (house with bamboo walls), mahanten (Meru-roofed house in the mountains of material fibers and four-poster or six for Nyepi, or making love) , real estate (meeting hall, its walls decorated with paintings and others) and rangkang (small house for a meeting place. 

Sources waruga inscription naming the building (sort of hall; see text inscription Hantang year 1135 AD) and baganjing (religious buildings; see inscription Plumbangan year 1140 AD). In addition to the building's name, the inscription also mentions colonnaded building 8 (see inscription Nets in 1181 AD) and 8 of colonnaded buildings and curtains of yellow wood, soft cloth (Kemulan inscriptions in 1194 AD). 

Forms Home 
Truly shape and size of the house occupants may indicate a class society. House in the palace of different religious houses and homes for small people. The houses in the Majapahit era still has a simple form. Through analogy and comparison with the reliefs of the old buildings, it can be concluded that there are basically three kinds of forms of the canopy, pyramid and villages. The house has four pillars form the canopy and the canopy roof, the house is often used for sacred places or places of worship. The shape of the pyramid and the village will be discussed in another section. 

Dwelling house 
There are two forms of residence, ie pyramid and villages for which data are shown in relief. An explanation of the form of residential houses was thus: 

  1. Pyramid shape there are five kinds: Main pyramid: four-poster. Limasan clamp: four-poster. Limasan bapangan: four-poster .Limasan traju mas: a six-poster. Limasan sinom: colonnaded eight 
  2. Village forms: four-poster with the village roofs. These homes are generally owned by the people. 

Traditional Houses 
Traditional Javanese house which contains elements of ancient architecture and lots of pyramid shape and is made joglo. If this house with no walls or open, it functions as the gazebo, which is a meeting place. Before 1950 all the village chief, sub-district head to the Regent in Java has joglo open house for the rendezvous with the residents or place to entertain guests who came. At the present time these buildings still exist in areas of districts in Java. 

Will study the Majapahit era residential architecture is interesting, but the result is still hypothetical because there is no evidence, or examples of Majapahit houses have survived until now. Given that the traditional form of the house was passed down from generation to generation, then through an ethno-archaeological study on the shape of rural houses, palaces and mosques in Java, the hypothesis mentioned above will not be too far off the mark. 

Coordination Team Releases Directorate General of Culture. 1994. Athletics V. Nusantara cultural treasures London: Department for Education and Kabudayaan.

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