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Traditional and Cultural Of Dani Tribe

Traditional and Cultural Of Dani Tribe | HISTORY OF CULTURE | Dani tribe is the designation for people who live in the Baliem Valley (Descendants Moni, highlander Pinai, who came to the Baliem Valley), which has an area of  approximately 1,200 km2. Dani is a stranger who initially reads Ndani, after changes are made fenom "N" is lost to Dani and into the ethnographic literature. Dani tribe called Parim happier. This highly respected tribal ancestors by their tribute ceremony is usually done through the party pig.

Dani language family consists of three sub-languages, namely:
  • Sub-family Wano
  • Sub-family Dani (Central West and the Great Dugawa valley accent)
  • Sub-family Nggalik & ndash; Dugawa
In addition, Dani language family including language and language Melansia Irian (in general).

System Religion / Belief
Dani is the basis of the same religious community that the above description is honoring the spirits of ancestors and also held a ceremony that focused on the party pig. The concept of belief / religious Atou most importantly, the magic powers of the ancestors who passed down the patrilineal (passed down to sons). Supernatural powers, among others:
  • The power to maintain the garden
  • The power to cure disease and refused reinforcements
  • Enrich the soil strength
To honor his ancestors, Dani makes emblem ancestors called Kaneka. In addition, the Kaneka Hagasir religious ceremony for the welfare of families and communities to initiate and end the war. Kinship system of community kinship systems there are three, namely Dani kinship group, half of the community, and territorial groups.

A. The smallest kinship groups in society Dani is an extended family. This extended family consists of three or two nuclear families together - together inhabit a housing complex that was closed fence (five).

Dani men are polygamous marriages including polygyny. Batih family lives in one - unit dwelling called siimo. A Dani village consists of 3 & ndash; 4 slimo inhabited 8 & ndash; 10 families. According to mythology keuturunan Dani comes from a couple who inhabit a lake in the vicinity Maina village in the Baliem Valley South. They had a son named Woita and Waro. Dani people were forbidden to marry a relative of the tribe so that his marriage principled Moety Moety exogamy (marriage Moety / with people outside Moety).

B. Half of the community. Dani community structure is comprised of a ukul (small clan) called ukul oak (great clan)

C. Territorial groups. Territorial unity of the smallest ethnic groups in society is a complex housing Dani (uma), inhabited for the patrilineal extended family groups (down to the boys).

Arts and Crafts

Dani public art can be seen from how to build a place of residence, as mentioned above in one silimo there are some buildings, such as: Honai, Ebeai, and Wamai. In addition to building homes, community arts crafts Dani has a distinctive, woven mesh bag covering the head and pegikat ax. Dani people also have a variety of equipment made of brick, the equipment will include: Moliage, Valuk, Sege, Wim, Kurok, and Arrow Sege.

Political System and Society
Dani society always coexist and each other mutual help, community life Dani has ciriciri as follows:
  • Community Dani has a cooperation that is fixed and always worked together
  • Any plan to establish a house is always preceded by a discussion led by indigenous or tribal chief stylist
  • Organization of civic Dani is determined based on family ties and ancestry and based on territorial unity.
Dani tribe led by a chief of which is called Ap Cain, who led the traditional village watlangka, besides there are also three chiefs whose position is under the Fabrics Ap and holds its own field & ndash; themselves, they are: Ap. Menteg, Ap. Horeg, and Ap Ubaik Silimo plain inhabited by ordinary masyatakat headed by Ap. Waregma. In a community leader Dani no system, except the term of cloth for men, which means strong, intelligent and honorable. At the level of uma, leaders are men who are old but still able to arrange his affairs in a one-page household and village. Affairs include: Maintenance of garden and Bahi, and broke it up a fight.
The leader of the federation is authorized to mark the start of war or other party. The battle led to the win metek. Confederation leaders usually had also become a win metek, although not an absolute requirement, the requirement to be community leaders Dani: Clever planting, are friendly and generous, clever hunting, have physical strength and courage, clever diplomacy, and good at fighting.

Economic System
  1. Dani's ancestors arrived in Irian result of a process which is very ancient human migration from mainland Asia to the western Pacific island of Irian Jaya.
  2. Possibility at the time of their society which is still only beginning praagraris plant in very limited quantities. Continuous innovation and cultural contacts led to a very simple planting pattern had developed into a system of sweet potato plantation, as it is now.
  3. Principal livelihood Dani tribe is grow crops and raise pigs. Tubers sweet is the preferred crop to be cultivated, which means that their livelihood is farming generally.

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