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Prambanan Temple Buildings Layout

HISTORY OF CULTURE | Prambanan Temple Buildings Layout | Prambanan is the largest Hindu temple in Indonesia, altitude 47 meters, was built in the 9th century. To be located 17 km east of Yogyakarta on the road to Solo. The main temple of Shiva Temple (center), Brahma Temple (south), Vishnu (north). The temple is located in front vehicle (vehicle) as a vehicle Trimurti; Temple Space is the vehicle of Brahma (God of Guardians), Candi Nandi (Ox) is the vehicle of Shiva (Destroyer Gods) and the Temple of Garuda is the vehicle of Vishnu (God the Creator).

On the wall of the balustrade of the temple of Shiva and Brahma temples carved reliefs of the Ramayana story, while at the fence of the temple steps Krisnayana Vishnu carved reliefs. Shiva temple entrance from the east to turn left you will find relief Ramayana story is clockwise, the next story continued relief at the Brahma temple.
Prambanan temple is known as a Dutchman named kembai CALons visited Java in 1733 and reported on the existence of temple ruins overgrown with shrubs. The first attempt to save time by IJzerman Prambanan temple in 1885 by cleaning chambers of the ruins of stone temples. In 1902 began a new coaching job, led by Van Erp for the Shiva temple, Vishnu temple and Brahma temple. Attention to the Prambanan temple continues to grow. In year 1933 successfully arranged experiment Brahma and Vishnu Temple. After experiencing a variety of obstacles, on December 23, 1953 Shiva temple completely refurbished. Brahma temple began in 1978 restored and inaugurated in 1987. Vishnu started refurbished in 1982 and was completed in 1991. Subsequent restoration activities carried out on three ancillary temples that are in front of the temple of Shiva, Vishnu and Brahma temple besarta 4 color and 4 corner temples / peg.

Prambanan temple complex built by Kings Wamca (Dynasty) Sanjaya in the 9th century. Prambanan is the enshrinement with the main temple complex facing east, with the overall shape resembles a mound in the shadow play as high as 47 feet. Hinduism knows that consists of Tri Murti Brahma as the creator, Vishnu as the Preserver, Lord Shiva as the Destroyer. The main chamber of the main temple of Lord Shiva is occupied as a Supreme Deity so it can be concluded Prambanan temple is a Shiva temple. Or Shiva Prambanan temple is also often referred to as the temple of Loro Jonggrang related to the legend that tells of a virgin who Jonggrang or a tall girl, the daughter of King Boko, who built his empire on the hill south of the temple complex of Prambanan.

The edge is limited by the balustrade of the temple, which is decorated with reliefs of Ramayana can be enjoyed when we berperadaksina (walking around the temple with a central cansi we are always on the right) through the alley. The story continues on the balustrade of Brahma temple located on the left (south) of the main temple. Being on the balustrade of Vishnu temple is located on the right (north) of the main temple, carved reliefs depicting the story Kresnadipayana childhood story of King Krishna as an incarnation of Lord Vishnu in combating keangkaramurkaan want engulfing the world.

Booth overlooking the main temple to the north contains Parung Durga, the consort of Lord Shiva, but generally people call it a statue of Roro Jonggrang, which according to legend, the stone statue before the living body of a beautiful princess, who was condemned by the knights Bondowoso, to complement its ability to create a thousand statues in one night. The temple of Brahma and Vishnu temples each have a single room occupied by statues of the gods are concerned.

The third front of the temple of Trimurti Gods there are three temples which contain vehicle (vehicle) is the third god. The third temple has now been restored and the only temple in the middle (in front of Shiva temple) which still contains a statue of a bull named Nandi, vehicle of Lord Shiva. Statue of geese as a vehicle of Brahma and Vishnu statue eagle as a vehicle which is expected in advance to fill the cubicles of the temple is located in front of the god's temple has now been restored.

Sixth temple represent two groups facing each other, located on a page of a square, with sides 110 meters long. Inside the pages are still standing other temples, the temple is 2 pieces with a height of 16 meters clamp the line of sight, which a stand on the north and the other standing in the south, four color and four temples temples sedut. Pages in Hindu society which is considered as the most sacred page, located in the middle of a central courtyard that has the 222 meters, and at first contain ancillary temples of 224 pieces in rows around the page in three rows.

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