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Mud in Sidoarjo And Majapahit

HISTORY OF CULTUREMud in Sidoarjo And Majapahit | Awang Harun Satyana, a geologist writing menarik.Tragedi statement similar to the Sidoarjo mudflow had occurred during the Majapahit. Besides the political reasons, Majapahit probably have quit by the deformation due to a series of eruptions Brantas Delta Jombang, Mojokerto gununglumpur-ward in the area along the 25 km. 

The following quotation: 
Book Pararaton record things of interest to our attention. Pararaton book by Prof. Slamet Muljana written in 1613 AD Book chronicles tell Pararaton Singhasari since Ken Arok until the expiration of the Kingdom of Majapahit. Pararaton is an important historical source of Majapahit in addition to the State Krtagama essay MPU Prapanca (MPU Prapanca contemporary of Gajah Mada). 

In connection with the decline of Majapahit, Pararaton book notes (Brandes, 1896: "Pararaton" rise again in 1920 after edited by NJ Krom): 
  • The disaster Pararaton book called "Banyu Move" (occurring Caka 1256 or 1334 AD). 
  • The disaster Pararaton book called "Pagunung Anyar" (occurring Caka 1296 or 1374 AD) 
  • Literally, Banyu Water Move = Move, Pagunung Anyar = New Mt. 

Denys Lombard, French historian who wrote three volumes thick Javanese history book of 1990 "Le Carrefour Javanais - Essay d'Histoire Globale" (already translated by Scholastic since 1996 and prints all three published in March 2005) wrote of "Inscription Kelagyan" Erland times bercandra sengkala Caka 959 (1037 AD). Kelagyan is the name of the village is now in northern Kelagen Porong River. Inscription Kelagyan mmenceritakan that one day the original Brantas river flows north suddenly flowed into the country east to break Jenggala with the sea, destroying crops and inundating rumah2 population. Erland act by building large dams in Waringin Pitu and forcing the river again flows into the north. Perhaps, this is what is called the disaster "Banyu Move" in the book Pararaton. Disasters such as this seems to happen berulang2, the same disaster recorded in the book happen again Pararaton Caka 1256 (1334 AD) during the time of Majapahit. 
(Nash, 1932) has found evidence that there have been various deformation (movement or displacement) of the base soil is Tunggorono hills to the south of the city of Jombang now, and then spread to the northeast into Jombatan and mountain. Finally, the deformation movement of the port location Canggu around Mojokerto now, and increasingly to the east to the Ward (about 25 km to the west of the location of bursts LUSI now). Near the ward there is a village whose name MOUNTAIN ANYAR. So also at the base where the disaster occurred in the southern Jombang there is a similar village name is originally named Redinanyar Denanyar which means a new mountain. 

Note that the name Anyar Mountain also used as the name of a district near Surabaya, who is now a well-known in connection with the case because it was a blast Lusi Anyar Mountain is a mud volcano that forms alignment with Lusi. 

Well, whether natural disasters that set back the golden era of the Majapahit Pararaton book called the disaster "Pagunung Anyar" is the occurrence of disasters gununglumpur eruption path of Jombang, Mojokerto south-ward? Line was formed about 25 km long distance. If the eruption was all gununglumpur sedahsyat like bursts Lusi now, you can imagine how the disruption of the Majapahit in the late tahun1300's and in the early 1400s. 

Be fatal because of damage to harbor Canggu near Mojokerto, so Majapahit became isolated and economically backward. Those days, Canggu in Mojokerto still be navigable from the sea around Surabaya today. Babad Tanah Jawi notes in the collapse of Majapahit was in suryasengkala "Ilang siRNA Kertaning Earth" that is 1400 or 1478 AD Caka. The ancestors have created aturan2 so as to serve as guidelines how to make suryasengkala. Because sengkalan use the phrase as a number, then certain words have a "character number" or "character words" masing2. Here are the rules (translated from the Kawi or Java). - A brief guide of Suwito (2006) - 

Another rule is that sengkalan have a password, which is the last word in the sentence sengkalan became the first sequence number, whereas the first word in the sentence sengkalan be the last sequence number in the year we sengkalan.Mari analysis "Ilang siRNA Kertaning Earth." When viewed nature of words and character number is, then "vanished" = missing = 0, "ilang = missing" 0, "kertaning / Kerta ning" = created = jobs make = item 4, "Earth / Bhumi" = earth = item 1. The analysis should be accompanied buku2 sengkalan dictionary ancient Javanese (Kawi) Poerwadarminta composition, Wojowasito, or Purwadi. Suryasengkala "Ilang siRNA Kertaning Earth" = 0041, note sengkalan password rules, then the year is "Ilang siRNA Kertaning Earth" is 1400 or 1478 AD Caka Sengkalan "Ilang siRNA Kertaning Earth" chronicles the author intended to describe the collapse of land Jawi / loss of the Majapahit Kingdom in 1400 or 1478 AD Caka 

There are interesting here: "Kertaning Earth" Kerta / Karta = created / made. For example: White Rose = made victorious / successful, the Yogyakarta = made either (should = better). So, "kertaning Earth" open to interpretation "is made (by) the Earth" or "made (in) the Earth". The word "yellow" in the Kawi language can have many meanings as the next word or word maker said kerja. Is "Ilang Sirna Kertaning Earth" could be interpreted "Missing Created destroyed the Earth"? "Created the Earth", we can guess: the disaster of the Earth. Link to Chronicle Pararaton, the disaster was the eruption gununglumpur Pagunung Anyar alias. Wallahualam Bisawab! Only God Knows 

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