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Japanese Occupation Of Indonesia

HISTORY OF CULTUREJapanese Occupation Of Indonesia | Looking at the historical record during the Japanese occupation of Indonesia (1942-1945) then we can find some important events that occurred on February 14, or - in a wider range of time - in February. Since the outbreak of the Pacific War in 1941, Japan and then trying to control natural resources, especially petroleum by attacking and controlling the occupied Dutch East Indies, including Indonesia, which was then known as the best producer of petroleum (Sumatra) where the oil produced can be directly used as fuel ships without having to go through the distillation process first.

Beginning in February 1942, Japan started to invade the territory of Sumatra and began putting his patrol boats around the Java Sea, having previously managed to control some areas in Kalimantan and Sulawesi. Then the Japanese overran the oil city of Palembang as a very valuable time on February 13, 1942. The next day, February 14, 1942 history records the sinking British ship HMS Li Wo by the Japanese navy when the ship was evacuating troops from Java (another source notes that the ship HMS Li Wo was on his way from Singapore to Batavia when ditengeelamkan). February 1942 closed with the outbreak of War of the Java Sea, where the Allied navy joined in ABDACOM (American-British-Dutch-Australian Command) was defeated by the Japanese navy. Dutch East Indies government surrendered unconditionally and surrender its colonies of Indonesia to Japan through Kalijati Agreement on March 8, 1942.

February 1943, although there was no special notes for an incident that occurred on February 14, but there are some historical events that occurred in this month and it is important to note. Beginning with the Japanese effort to master the eastern region of Indonesia, by sending additional troops to Tanimbar, Kai Islands, and West Irian. Japan's defeat in the Solomon Islands in February 1943 made the Americans back in charge of the Pacific region. This defeat made many changes to the policy of Japan in Indonesia, especially in military policy. Throughout 1943, Japan many Japanese built up the army (like Heiho, Giyugun, and Defenders of the Homeland or MAP) as a form of anticipation of an attack of the Allies to Indonesia later.

February 14, 1944 recorded by Wikipedia and several other sources as the "Day of Uprising against the Japanese in Java" (World War II: Anti-Japanese revolt on Java). It is unclear what exactly the events associated with anti-Japanese uprising, though indeed during the Japanese occupation of Indonesia a lot of civil unrest, triggered by several things, such as the atrocities the Japanese army, forced labor (romusha), deprivation of food and clothing as well as other people's property , and enslavement of women as sexual appetite satisfying the Japanese army. One of the resistance is quite famous events is the event "Sukamanah covered in blood" that occurred on February 25, 1944 after Friday prayers at the boarding school Sukamanah (Singaparna) West Java under the leadership of KH. Zainal Mustafa. This event is triggered by the obligations set by the Japanese government to the people of Indonesia to perform the ceremony Seikerei every morning, by bowing toward the rising sun (Tokyo) to pay homage to the Emperor of Japan. This obligation would offend and hurt feelings of Muslims, and finally broke the resistance after Japanese troops sent to capture the force KH. Zainal Mustafa by violent means. 86 people become victims of martyrs recorded the event, was KH. Zainal Mustafa was arrested and sentenced to death.

February 14, 1945, there was rebellion, which is the largest pembrerontakan during the Japanese occupation of Indonesia, known as PETA Rebellion in Blitar. PETA, which is formed by the Japanese troops intended to help the Japanese army and rebel because of discrimination and violence committed by Japanese soldiers. "In this place, on February 14, 1945 exactly at 2:30 in the morning of the first mortar berdentumlah voice as a sign of rebellion inception Blitar PETA army led Sodancho Supriyadi against Japanese invaders. Together with these troop movements dikibarkanlah heirloom red and white flag on a flagpole field located PETA apple soldiers across battalion headquarters. "Similarly, a sentence that is written on the plaque below the statue of 7 fighters PETA is located south of Blitar City of Heroes cemetery.

Thus some of the historical record of the Japanese occupation in Indonesia (1942-1945) that the date happened to coincide on the 14th of February or the month of February. Japanese occupation of Indonesia to some extent has helped Indonesia in the struggle for independence, despite the violence in the colonial period was not easy to forget this nation. Several educational organizations and military formations and actually foster the spirit of Japanese people and the tokokh to fight the Japanese invaders and the struggle to achieve independence. MAP is one of the organizations formed by Japan's sizable role in the War of Independence Indonesia and in the formation of the Indonesian National Army (TNI) in particular.

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