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Human Archaeological Sites In Asia

HISTORY OF CULTUREHuman Archaeological Sites In Asia | These early human archaeological sites belonging to the most comprehensive in Asia. Being in the area covering 56 km ² and is located at the foot of Mount Lawu, or about 15 miles north of Surakarta in the valley of Solo River, the site of Sangiran give full information life history of early humans include habitat, patterns of life, animals that lived with him, until the occurrence of a landscape within a period of not less than 2 million years (Late Pliocene to late Middle Pleistocene).

Here, you can see approximately 13,809 collections of ancient human fossils and is the most comprehensive in Asia. There is also a vertebrate fossils, fossils of water animals, rocks, fossils of marine plants, stone tools, and some types of animals like rhinos, cows, deer, bison, and buffalo. There is also an audio visual room to witness the fossil remains of prehistoric life in Sangiran. Sangiran Museum is now a magnificent museum of modern architecture. You can also see a close collection of hominid fossils, animals living at the time, until the equipment it uses.

Sangiran site is scientifically interesting sights. This place has a high value for science and Indonesia is an asset. Since 1977 Sangiran site determined by the Minister of Education and Culture of Indonesia as a cultural heritage. Sangiran in 1996 registered in the UNESCO World Heritage Site as World Heritage (No. 593, the document WHC-96/Conf.201/21). Since its establishment as World Heritage by UNESCO, Sangiran give its contribution to the development of science in the world, especially the science of archeology, geology, paleoanthropology, makes and biology. Judging from the results of its findings, Sangiran is the most extensive archaeological sites in Asia even in the world.

Sangiran site includes three districts in Sragen, namely Kalijambe, Gemolong and Plupuh and Gondangrejo Karanganyar district. Initially Sangiran dome is a study called Sangiran Dome of the peak and then eroded to form a depression caused by the movement of the river. In the depression was found a layer of soil that contain information about life in the past. In 1934 anthropologist Gustav Heinrich Ralph von Koenigswald started research in the area. In subsequent years from the excavation of fossils Pithecanthropus erectus or Java Man. There are about 60 more of these other fossil fossil Meganthropus palaeojavanicus found on this site.

Sangiran area a very interesting mystery to unravel. Early human species Homo erectus found in Sangiran area there are about more than 100 individuals who experienced the evolution of not less than 1 million years. This amount represents 65 percent of all early human fossils found in Indonesia and 50 percent of the number of similar fossils found in the world.
Type of Homo erectus found is from the Early Pleistocene and Middle Pleistocene, and possibly also on Pelistosen End. Human species has a characteristic height of approximately 165-180 cm with a straight posture, but not setegap Meganthropus. They have teeth that are still large, powerful jaws, thick brow ridge and across the forehead from temple to temple and back of his head bulge real, no chin and nose width. The development of new brain has a volume of about 800-1100 cc and man was listed in archaic Homo erectus.

Apart hominid fossils in Sangiran there is also a vertebrate fossil shells up to molusca. Vertebrate fossils are found in all layers (Kalibeng, Kabuh, and Notopuro). It was also found fossils of ancient elephants, rhino, buffalo, cow, buffalo, and deer. It is estimated that the animals contemporary with Homo erectus and the animals they hunted. Overall fossils have been found to date as much as 13,809 units. A total of 2934 fossils stored in Sangiran Museum and Exhibition Space 10,875 other fossils are stored in the storage warehouse. Some early human fossils are stored in the Museum of Geology Laboratory Paleoanthropologi Bandung and Yogyakarta.

Sangiran fossil fields on the site is very typical, you can see clearly on the steep rugged section showing the four stratigraphic formations (soil layer). Stratigraphy is the study of the history, composition and relative age and distribution of bedding soil and rock layers of interpretation to explain the history of the Earth. The existence of Sangiran area is very important and interesting, actually you can see the location of the findings and stratigraphic layers that have been millions of years old. Currently their area 56 km ² area is still inhabited by people around the Sangiran. Sangiran is a very important asset both nationally and internationally.

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