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The Customary Marriage Palembang

HISTORY OF CULTURE | The Customary Marriage Palembang | Palembang is a customary marriage is performed in accordance with cultural institutions and the rule of Palembang. Looking at Palembang traditional wedding, it is clear that the clothing and bequeath their customary ritual majesty and glory of the kings of Srivijaya dynasty which mengalaimi golden Semananjung Malay influence in centuries past.

In the days of standing around Palembang sultanate in the 16th century long after the collapse of the dynasty of Srivijaya, and post-marital Sultanate basically determined by a large family with consideration of weight, seed and ancestor. At the present time is largely determined by the second marriage bride bridal pair itself. To enrich the understanding and preparation for marriage, the following description of the procedures and rules relating to marriage Palembang.

Candidates choose
Candidates may be filed by the child who will be married, can also be filed by the parent. If nominated by parents, then they will menginventariskan first who should be nominated, whose son and descendant of the family whom.

Derived from the word Madik Kawi language of Java, which means approaching or approach. Madik is a process of investigation of a girl who was carried by messengers pria.Tujuannya family party for introductions, and silsilahkeluarga know the origin of each and see if the girl no one has been proposed.

Menyengguk or sengguk derived from the ancient Javanese language, which means installing a "fence" so that she intended not to be disturbed by sengguk (compatriots ferrets, as a metaphor not molested another virgin). Menyengguk done when prosesMadikberhasil well, to show seriousness, great family man sent an official delegation to the family of the gadis.Utusan brings tenong or sangkek made of woven bamboo, round or rectangular gold-embroidered batik cloth wrapped filled with food, can also be eggs, flour, butter, and so on according to the girl's family circumstances.

When the process sengguk has reached the target, then re-visiting the family of the man carrying tenong many as 3 pieces, each containing flour, sugar and eggs of ducks. This meeting as a sign that both sides have a family "nemuke Carbonara" and agreed that the girl had been 'bound' by the men. as a sign of bonding, the messenger man gives a woman the gift in the form of cloth, clothing materials, or valuable objects in the form of a ring, necklace, or bracelet.


Derived from the Malay language means deliberation, ie deliberation to unite the two families into one big family. The meeting between the two sides of this family are intended to determine what is requested by the girl and what will be given by the men. On that occasion, the girl the opportunity to be introduced to the family of man. Usually berasan atmosphere is full of rhymes and strings attached. After the banquet, both parties agree on all the family had a good marriage requirements of customs procedures and ordinances of Islam. On that same opportunity ditetapkankapan day of the program "mutuske Kato". In the tradition of indigenous Palembang known some of the requirements and procedures for implementation of a marriage that should be agreed by both parties families, both Islamic Shari'a, and according to customs. According to Islamic Shari'a, both parties agree on the amount of mahr or dowry, while according to customs, both parties will agree on what will be implemented custom, whether customary Depart Tigo Down, custom Departing duo Penyeneng, Depart Indigenous peoples Mudo, custom Tebas, customary or pufferfish Kadut, where each has its own equipment and requirements.

Kato Mutuske
The event is aimed at both the family make decisions in matters relating to: "days ngantarke belanjo" wedding day, when munggah, Nyemputi and Nganter bride, Ngalie Turon, Becacap or Bath Simburan and Beratib. To determine the day of the event pernikahandan munggah, commonly selected Islamic months are believed to give blessing to the bride and groom later that month Robiul Beginning, End Robiul, Jumada, Muharram. The months are said to dipercayah that the full moon was beautiful-beautiful light shining on the earth so it will be your life for the bride and groom as bright as the full moon. When 'mutuske Gaskins' family entourage went to the residence of the woman's man at which time the men carrying 7 tenong which among others contains sugar, flour, duck eggs, bananas and fruits. In addition to making these decisions, the men also give (gave) the customary requirements have been agreed during the event berasan. for example, when the customary requirements Duo Penyeneng agree, then the man at the time of surrender on the part of Kato mutoske girl strapless Tretes mider two pieces, two pieces of clothes angkinan brackets and two pieces of songket sewet cukitan. The end of the event closed with a prayer mutuske Kato safety and supplication to God Almighty that execution of marriage running smoothly. Subsequent events prostrate on the prospective bride-in-law, where the prospective in-laws to give gold to the bride as a sign of his love. Towards the back 7 tenong the men exchanged by the female with the typical Palembang stuffing snacks to take home.

Nganterke Belanjo
Procession nganterke belanjo usually done a month or even a few days and a half months before the event munggah. The procession was more dilakuakn by women, whereas men only accompany the course. Spending money (money belanjo) included in ponjen yellow with accompanying attributes shaped mangosteen. The conducting of the prospective groom is also equipped with trays of at least 12 fruit contains various party purposes, which include flour, sugar, canned fruits, until the cookies and snacks. More than that delivered pula'enjukan 'or request a predetermined time mutuske Kato, one of the requirements in the form of marriage according to custom implementation of the agreement. Gegawaan form which is also called Palembang people 'indigenous ngelamar' of the men (in accordance with the agreement) to the female form of a yellow color ponjen contains a dilentakan belanjo money in the tray, a yellow color ponjen smaller local escort money money belanjo, 14 ponjen filled with small yellow metal coins as money belanjo accompaniment, a piece of songket shawl, clothes brackets songket, a yellow color ponjen contains uang'timbang brides' 12 trays containing various kinds of goods party purposes, and the flower cluster of embroidered lace fabric-covered.

Preparation Towards the Akad Nikah
There are some rituals are usually performed on a bride who is usually believed efficacious for healthy beauty, which betangas. Betangas is a steam bath, then Bebedak after betangas, and dating (berinai) given to all toenails and palms of hands and the hands and feet also called molding.

Akad Nikah Ceremony
Unites two lovers become husband and wife to enter the life of housekeeping. This ceremony was held at the groom, were the home of the bride, it is said 'mate passengers'. However, according to the developmental period, the ceremony took place today dikediaman ceremony the bride. As per tradition when the marriage ceremony before the event Muggah, then the female's first envoy ngantarke dagger into the man's residence.

Ngocek Onions
Onions Ngocek termed to make preparations early in the day munggah. Tapup installation, preparation and cooking spices, etc. prepared on this day. Ngocek kecik onion is done two days before the event munggah.
Later in the day before munggah next day, the show done ngocek Besak onions. The entire preparation by weight and a fireplace all the preparations that have not been completed at this time. Meat, chicken and other prepared when munggah, inviting (ngulemi) besannya home, and the parties in ulemi during ngocek onions must come, customarily at this time sent two JV namely women and men.

The procession is the culmination of a series of custom wedding Palembang. Munggah day usually set between post-holiday Eid & Eid al-Adha. On the morning before the event, from the bride comes to the male (ngulemi) by sending a single pair of male & female.

In addition to the family involves many parties both families, also attended by invited guests. Munggah meaningful to the bride and groom married life was always balanced or weigh taste, harmonious and peaceful. Implementation munggah residence at the home of the bride's family. Before the procession begins munggah first formed the group formations of men who will go home residence of the bride's family. Before the procession begins munggah formations established in advance that will go toward the house pengatin women. Formation are:
  1. Collection (group) Rudat and Kuntau
  2. Pengatin man flanked by two parents, two men carrying a spear, an umbrella bearer and groom, accompanied by a spokesperson, the carrier rate and carrier ponjen langsih customary and traditional decoration and gegawan carrier.
Nyanjoi done when night after munggah and after nyemputi. Nyanjoi customarily done twice, the first night that comes nyanjoi youth group, the second night the old folks. Similarly, in the aftermath of man-laws nyemputi by the parties.

Two days after the event nyemputi munggah customarily done. Bridal party with a group of men came menjemputi bride to visit their place, while of the women were ready to nganter to the bridal entourage. During this nyemputi bride groom at home already disiapkanacara crowd (celebration). Celebrations are done for women is a new bride was conducted in the 1960s, whereas there previously.

Ngater bride
During the bride by the hand-laws nganter this man, in-laws house she had been prepared simburan bath. Simburan bath is done to welcome the introduction of the night with the bride groom. This introductory evening is waiting for the completion of the task of Jeru the woman who was assigned to organize and provide instructions on how to implement events for the occasion when the implementation of marriage. Women wait Jeru can function as penanggal or ongoing safety guards selauruh wedding which is likely there will be interference from people who do not like.

In Palembang traditional marriage ceremony, the role of women is very domonan, because hampirseluruh event activities for the event organized and conducted by them. Parties prepare men only "ponjen money". The event was held by the man just the way marriage and events beratib the celebration event when the whole marriage ceremony was completed.

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