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Cultural Ritual Ceremony Kasada Bromo

HISTORY OF CULTURECultural Ritual Ceremony Kasada Bromo | Bromo has a natural charm that is extraordinary, it will never run out our admiration by the beautiful natural scenery. Mount Bromo is derived from Sanskrit which means Brahma or a principal deity, Mount Bromo is a mountain that is still active and a very famous tourism object in East Java. Mount Bromo has a height of 2400 meters above sea level.

In addition, the Tengger tribe has tremendous appeal because they are holding fast to the traditions and culture that guide his life. It is said that the Tengger tribe is the descendant of Roro Anteng (daughter of the King of Majapahit) and Joko Seger (son of Brahmana).

Since the days of Majapahit reputedly region they inhabit is a holy place, because they are considered servants of the kingdom of Majapahit. Until now they still adhered to Hindu religion, once a year the community held a ceremony Yadnya Kasada Tengger. This ceremony is located in a temple located at the foot of Mount Bromo. And after that proceed to the summit of Mount Bromo. Performed the ceremony at midnight to early morning every full moon calendar Kasodo according to Java.

Origin legends Kasada Ceremony

According to the story, the origin of the ceremony Kasada happened several centuries ago. UB Dynasty during the reign of the kingdom of Majapahit. The empress gave birth to a daughter named Roro Anteng, after nearly mature princess gets a young couple from brahma caste named Joko Seger.

At the time of the Majapahit Empire started to decline and the same spread of Islam in Java, some royal courtier and some relatives decided to move to the east, and partly to the Tengger Mountains region including pairs Rara Anteng and Jaka Seger. Rara pairs Anteng and Jaka Seger build settlements and then reigned in the region as Purbowasesa Mangkurat Tengger Tengger Ing, meaning "Ruler of Budiman Tengger". Name of perch taken from the final syllable name Rara Anteng and Jaka Seger.

Tenggering also said perch means nobility or the introduction of high morals, a symbol of eternal peace. From time to time Tengger people live prosperous and peaceful, but the incumbent does not feel happy, because after a while the couple Rara Anteng and Jaka Tengger housekeeping has not been blessed with offspring. Then it was decided to climb to the top of Mount Bromo to meditate with full faith in the Almighty to be blessed with offspring.

Suddenly there are voices who say that meditation magic they will be granted but on condition that when it becomes a descent, the youngest child to be sacrificed to the crater of Mount Bromo. Pair Roro Anteng and Jaka Seger give and then he got 25 sons and daughters, but the instinct of parents still do not have the heart when losing their child. Short said the couple Rara Anteng and Jaka Seger broken promise, the gods became angry with threatening to inflict havoc, and then pass a state tempest darkens the crater of Mount Bromo is belching fire.

Kesuma youngest son disappeared from view terjilat fire and into the crater of Bromo, concurrent loss of Kesuma unseen voice: "My brothers whom I love, I have been sacrificed by our parents and Hyang Widi save you all. Long live the peaceful and serene, worship Hyang Widi. I remind you that every month Kasada on the 14th day Hyang Widi make offerings to the crater of Mount Bromo ". This custom is followed from generation to generation by the Tengger community and every year a ceremony was held at Poten Kasada sea of  sand and the crater of Mount Bromo.

Luhur Poten Temple Mount Bromo

For Hindus, the Tengger tribe unlike Hindus in general, have temples as places of worship, but when doing worship housed in punden, Danyang and potent. Poten is a plot of land in the sea of ??sand as a venue for the ceremony Kasada. As a place of worship for the Hindu Tengger people, potent consists of several buildings arranged in an arrangement of the composition in the yard that is divided into three mandala / zone, namely:

Main Mandala

Called also the place of worship innards worship consisting of:

Padma serves as a similar form developed temple complete with pepalihan. Its main functions of a place of worship of God Almighty, padma does not wear a roof consisting of the foot called tepas, body / head servant and called sari comes with Bedawang, Nala, Garuda, and Geese.

Nala Bedawang depicts a giant tortoise supports Padmasana, wrapped by a tail or two dragons, eagles and geese flying position behind the body padma each according to mythology describes Padmasana majesty of form and function.

Building Sekepat (four pole) or larger is at the side of the building sehadapan cult / Padmasana, facing east or in accordance with the orientation of the building and open worship of all four sides. Its function is to serve facilities or activities of a series of ritual ceremonies. Pawedan bale and place of shamans during worship.

Kori Agung Temple Bentar, shaped like the statue of his head wearing a crown bight rectangular or square much smaller terraced buildings to the top with a square or rectangular lot with side edges around alit fathoms, fathoms or fathoms great middle. Building height can range from large or tall monument to about 100 meters allows also made higher by observing the beauty of the proportions of the temple while.

For the entrance courtyard to the temple of Jaba temple mandala side / insult or Jaba the middle / main mandala can be a bight or kori grand temple with a variety of ornaments. For the entrance of the temple courtyard Jaba the middle / intermediate mandala mandala middle correspond to the innards of the beauty of the proportion of functional form and magnitude of terraced roofs of three to eleven according to its function. For the entrance that is located on the wall Penyengker / divider temple courtyard.

Mandala Associate / Central Zone

Also called Jaba the middle, where the ceremony preparation and accompaniment consists of:

Kori Agung Temple Bentar, its shape is similar to the monument, his head wearing a crown bun rectangular or square much smaller terraced buildings to the top with a square, rectangle or square with sides a lot about one depa alit, intermediate fathoms, fathoms great.

Kentongan bale, bale called kul-kul is located in the front corner of the temple yard, shaped arrangement tepas, shelf, juice and roof coverings kul-kul/kentongan room. Its function is to place kul-kul who sounded early, late and certain times of the series of ceremonies.

Bale Bengong, also called the holy pewarengan Jaba located between the middle / intermediate mandala, mandala insult / Jaba side. The shape of the building four square or elongated rows of two-pole two or more building area for the kitchen. Its function is to prepare the purposes of serving ritual that needs to be prepared in the temple that is generally far from the village settlements.


Also called Jaba side of the transition from outside to inside temple consists of temple buildings moment / other supporting buildings. Temple courtyard bounded by a boundary wall Penyengker entrance in the front yard or in jabaan middle / side of the temple wore briefly and the main entrance into the innards of Kori Agung wear. Penyengker temple walls and kori great moment there are various forms of variety and beauty of creation in accordance with its architecture. Temple building in general is facing west, entering the temple toward the east as well as worship and praying facing east toward the rising sun. Composition of times a row between the southern temple building or south-south on the east side facing the west and partly on the north side facing south.

Yadnya Kasada (Kasada Ceremony)

On the night of the 14th Month Kasada adherents of Hindu Tengger people (according to the Mahayana Buddhist Hindu Parisada East Java) in droves to the summit of Mount Bromo, by bringing ongkek containing offerings of various agricultural products, livestock and so on, then thrown into the crater of Mount Bromo as offerings to the God of Bromo is believed dwells on Mount Bromo. This sacrificial begged Tengger community and get the blessings of salvation given by the Almighty.

Kasada ceremony begins with the inaugural staging of the ballet and the Tengger elders Rara Anteng Jaka Seger in an open stage Ngadisari Village. Then promptly at 24.00 in the morning held the inauguration of the shaman and the blessing of the people at Mount Bromo potent sea of ??sand. Shamans for the Tengger is a leader in the field of religious people, who usually leads the ritual ceremonies, marriages, etc.. Before inaugurated the shaman must pass the exam by rote and recited mantras.

After the ceremony, ongkek-ongkek containing the offerings brought from the foot to the top of the crater of Mount Bromo. And they threw into the crater, as a symbol of the sacrifices made by their ancestors. Inside the crater there are many beggars and Tengger people who live in the interior, they long ago came to Mount Bromo and set up residence in the crater of Mount Bromo in the hope they get thrown offerings. Residents who threw offering a variety of fruits and livestock products, they regard it as a vow or their gratitude to God for livestock and agricultural abundance. Activity of the population residing in rural Tengger crater of Mount Bromo we can see from night until noon Kasada Bromo.

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