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Age Heritage Site Prehistoric

HISTORY OF CULTURE | Age Heritage Site Prehistoric | Indonesian prehistoric period include a very long period, from approximately 1.7 million years ago, based on existing findings. Knowledge of people against it is supported by the findings of fossil animals and humans (hominids), remnants of stone tools, animal body parts, metal (iron and bronze), and pottery. Geologically, the territory of modern Indonesia is a meeting between the three major continental plates: the Eurasian Plate, the Indo-Australian Plate and Pacific Plate. Indonesian archipelago such as the current is formed when the melting of ice after the end of the Ice Age, only 10,000 years ago.

In the Pleistocene, when it was still connected with the Asian mainland, enter the first settlers. The first evidence to show first inhabitants were Homo erectus fossils from Java man the 2 million to 500,000 years ago. The discovery of the remains "Flores man" (Homo floresiensis) in Liang Bua, Flores, opening the possibility is still survival of H. erectus until the last Ice Age.

Homo sapiens first entered the archipelago since an estimated 100,000 years ago through the coastline of Asia from West Asia, and in about 50,000 years ago have reached New Guinea and Australia. Those, who characterized racial curly-haired, dark-skinned and meetings (Negroid), the ancestors of indigenous Melanesians (including Papua) now and bring the culture of hatchet shaped (Paleolithic). A wave of Austronesian-speaking immigrants to come in waves Neolithic culture since 3000 BC from southern China through Formosa and the Philippines to bring culture pickaxe square (Dong Son culture). Process migration is part of the occupation of the Pacific.

Mongoloid population characterized by the arrival of this wave tends to the west, urged residents to the east early or spouse interfering with the locals and the physical characteristics of the population of Maluku and Nusa Tenggara. These newcomers brought farming techniques, including rice cultivation in paddy fields (at the latest evidence since the 8th century BC), raising buffalo, bronze and iron processing, weaving techniques, practices megaliths, and the worship of spirits ( animism) as well as sacred objects (dynamism). In the first century BC had formed settlements and small kingdoms, and quite possibly already entered the trust of India due to the influence of trade relations.

Pre Historical Site List in Indonesia:

Situs Gua Putri, Baturaja, Sumatera Selatan

Lembah Sangiran,  Taman Purbakala Sangiran

Situs Purbakala Wajak, Tulungagung

Liang Bua, Pulau Flores

Gua Leang-leang, Sulawesi

Situs Gua Perbukitan Sangkulirang, Kutai Timur

Situs Pasemah di Sumatera Selatan

Situs Cipari, Kuningan, Jawa Barat

Situs Goa Pawon, Bandung, Jawa Barat

Situs Gunungpadang, Cianjur, Jawa Barat

Situs Gilimanuk, Jembrana, Bali

Situs Gua-gua Biak, Papua (40.000-30.000 SM)

Situs Lukisan tepi pantai di Raja Ampat, Papua Barat

Situs Tutari, Kabupaten Jayapura, (periode Megalitikum)

Gua Babi di Gunung Batu Buli, desa Randu, Muara Uya, Tabalong

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