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HISTORY OF CULTURE | SAYLENDRA KINGDOM FROM MOUNTAIN DEMPO | Since Prof.. Coedes in 1918 stated that the Seriwi glorious empire and its capital at Palembang, and since then a clash of ideas occurs. Opinion that Seriwijaya is the name of a kingdom can be accepted. That Palembang as the capital, is still in debate and in permasalahkan. Tens of debate involving hundreds of experts and historians, as well as other disciplines that support the historicity.

After more than 70 years in the perdebatab, then there is a consensus that it can be in Palembang more accepted as Seriwijaya royal capital. This attitude arose after some experts hold back excavations around Palembang, national and regional levels. A number of names of experts with the theory and gives confidence that tulisanya Palembang in the 7th century to the 9th is the center and Palemang capital.

Who Dynasty Saylendra?

If at this moment Palembang has steadily become the center of the kingdom seriwijaya, then it's time we finish mistri also the founder of the kingdom is ready. Who exactly Saylendra dynasty, which the trust as the founder of the kingdom. Is he a stranger to come to palembang seriwijaya later founded the kingdom, or was he a native, including Prof.Codes own. There will still tetapai experts believe Saylendra dynasty came from the archipelago, even R.Ng.Purbatjaraka nationalism emerged, stating why should search out of the archipelago.Is this polemic siapaka Saylendra still be prolonged, as what is going on experience of solving Sriwijaya center?

The method is more accurate approach

Sriwijaya writing approach by historians of the past is more influenced by the Indian high culture is crucial sossial course of historical development, economic, political and keaagamaan in southeast asia.Kalihal goods can not be denied, especially the influence of Hindu and Buddhist religions. But it can not also deny that there was another decisive force, local genius and local factors. The method of this local factor has changed the image of the great foreign person, and outside sangaat determining factor. Johan N. Miksic and several other chroniclers have pioneered the local paktor crucial peradapan development. Similarly OWWolters including R.Ng.Purbatjaraka has used the image of Mr and tripe in reference permasalahaan solving. 

Based on a more daring approach, which recalled the image of pemanpataan tripe, myths, and legends, as well as new evidence in the field, including Saylendra took siraja mountain is coming down from Mount Dempo, pesemah area of South Sumatra. If this offer can dioterima, of course, we let the research go back mengaadakan more intensively, and are Ilmia about Dapunta Hiyang lineage. With at least a fog about who we are dynasty can Saylendra said.

Theories that need to be reviewed

Saylendra Who? Where did he come from? On these questions was born theories suggests that the more characters, or Dynasty Saylendra is people from outside Indonesia, that is more admired again this dynasty of India. From the author of India himself certainly more to find the origin of this Saylendra from India. RCMajumdar1 KANilakanta sasti2 clearly states that Saylendra comes from India. Meanwhile, the inventor of his own Sriwijaya more Coedes Saylendra Dynasty menyakinkam if it comes from Funan. A number of the names of historians, experts efilogi, experts were called arkiologi both JGde Casparis, FHvan Naersen, FDBosch, Poerbatjarakam, Slametmuliyana, L-Ch.Damais, and some names again, yet breathing Saylendra trying to see the birth of the Sriwijaya ( or sumatera south now). 

Assertiveness Saylendra origins are in the national history of Indonesia II''3, stated: it is in accordance with the origins of the names of the dynasty of the other options can be concluded here that it Saylendrawangsa proceed Dapunta Saylendra. The fact that he used language in the puna melayu prasastinya stated that he was the original Indonesia, probably derived from sumatera, because in Sumatra is more inscriptions melayu ancient language. "If this conclusion can be our temporary hold, then I propose that the dimaksut with Sumatra Sumatra is south of here. The main region of birth and Palembang seriwijaya has been accepted as a center of Srivijaya kingdom of power.

Local factors and local realities as Daar hypotension.

There is an interesting statement about the attitudes and views of scholars on the history of Southeast Asia, such as what is conveyed by JDLegge4: A second characteristic of most pre - war studies, whether of the erlier or the letter periods of Southeast Asian history, was the Tendency of scholars to see that history as shaped by influences external to the region rather than as the product of an internal dynamic. Partly this was a prior qonsuence of the traing of many scholars in Indology or either Sinilogy, which tended to lead them to see Southeast Asia from one or other of those perspectives; but it was perhaps more a qonsequence of the nature of the available sources. 

Fortunately at this time the scholars have transformed the way in mind, seen from the thinking of Johan. N.Miksic5, which reveals why can develop into Palembang Srivijaya center, because of local factors and territorial integrity. So with OWWolters6, see a situation he called reverine culture, where the rivers as a means of communication that provides a separate force. A number of other names that have the attitude and the same thoughts. Kenneth R. Hall from Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana, USA7 loudly declared: 

The founders and rulers of the realm were local Srivijayan Malay Chiefs who ruled that the port area of Chinese Buddhist pilgrim I Ching visited in the latter part of the seventh century on his return voyage from India, now generally accepted to have been at or near the modern city of Palembang, a port city in Southeastern Sumatra. It was this area that became the core of Srivijayan hegemony. In the Traditional Malay view of the world there was powerful Duality, a landscape dominated by high and Steep mountains and seas whose horizons seemed unreachable. Both the mountains heights and the Depths of the sea were loci of powerful forces that shaped the lives of the people, forces that were both generous and devastating ... ... ....Furthermore according to Kenneth R. Hall says: 

In Traditional Malay belief, both sources of the river waters and the home of the Ancestral spirits were high on the mountain slopes: the highs reaches of the mountains were thus thought of as holly places and the source of benefitiont forces that bestwed ell-being, upon the people. The Srvijayan king drew upon these beliefs as he toop the tittle "lord of the mountain". He was also "lord of Isles", and able to commune with the "spirit of the waters of the sea".

Jayanaga Sri Dapunta Hiyang.

From a number of inscriptions Sriwijaya around palembang, there is an inscription yan called Talang Tuo Inscription. Inscription was found on 17 November 1920 next to the northwest of Mount Seguntang an inscription consisting of 14 rows numbered year or the year 606 Saka 684 AD. In this inscription is a name as the founder Sriksetra park, which Dapunta Hiyang Sri Jayanaga8. from Dapunta Hiyang name, it can be concluded, that the name of Sri Jayanaga is to show an identity of local people. According to S.Singaravelu9: "the term is also used for the dragon to recognize the tribe of certain native or indigenous. The use of this term for the origin of Man is said by those who occupy an area from the beginning again. Area inhabited by their ancestors. This is like the area is not known or difficult to live in, such as forests, coasts, and islands in India and surrounding areas. Clearly, this term is used for human groups who have a legitimate right and above anything that inhabited the area. There are several myths in the tradition of Indian literature that uses the dragon motif shows unutk, the right things up a region descendants. (Catatan.: dragon in India is a snake, a snake in the tradition of female Indian myth is Nagi or Nagini).

Sriwijaya is a stele inscriptions and curse

Srivijaya inscription of a number of speaking melayu Pallawa ancient script generally contains a curse. What is interesting is the Telaga Batu inscription, discovered in 1918 around the site and Geding Suro Sabokingking, exactly behind PUSRI fertilizer factory at this time. Inscription inimempunyai special form, measuring 149 cm high, 124 cm wide and 29 cm thick. Inscription at the top there are 7 head of the snake ornaments, as if the umbrella underneath the inscription, and there dibagian small spout. Telaga Batu inscription is an inscription of a condemnation of anyone who does not obey the King of Srivijaya. This threat is shown to anyone either the Sons of kings and royal officials and pekerja10. 

On the location and contents of these inscriptions provide deeper conviction that the King of Srivijaya more precautions put into the (internal), whether it is a son of kings, judges, army commanders, including the entire contents of the palace, the laundry and the king of slaves, would be condemned and punished if they try to treason, enemy premises working together, and became a spy and other crimes. If Dapunta Hiyang dating from outside of South Sumatra, of course he will be more alert to the enemy from outside. City of chalk inscription dated 686 AD, did not show concern for the enemy from the outside, but only a statement of the ground invasion of Java, because Java Bumi Sriwijaya reluctant to submit to.

Local factors and union territories

As presented earlier, that the birth and Srivijaya power factor caused by local and territorial integrity. John N. Miksic explain sebaga follows: Palembang city have the advantage of its location, which is located in a network traffic control unit anatara three areas:

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